Whether you’re fearing a post apocolyptic zombie infestation or you find that your activities could put you into a scenario where you must be able to escape, evade and survive, there are some very basic survival skills that you must possess.
1. Stay Alive
2. Clothing The first survival skills that needs to addressed is clothing. You must be dressed and readied with gear if you are going to get what you need. You should ensure you have a sturdy pair of pants; jeans, BDU’s or otherwise. You should also make sure you have layers of clothing that can be easily carried and worn to include a long sleeve shirt and a sturdy and warm jacket with a hood. Next, a good pair of hiking boots or thick soled shoes that fit well. A poorly fitted footwear can cause foot injuries, blisters or other issues that could impede your mobility. Finally you should have some form of head gear that is light, easily removed and donned and that provides cover for your face to protect from exposure to the sun.
3. Gear While not necessarily a survival skills, tools and gear is critical for survival. A sturdy serrated knife is the number one tool every survivalist should carry. It can be used to cut, flay, kill and protect. It’s good to have both a stationary long bladed knife as well as a folding knife. A waterproof poncho can be exceptionally helpful to keep you dry and provide an impromptu shelter. A good back pack to carry clothes and gear is useful and can be Finally, and probably the least important is a hand gun or a rifle/shotgun. These tend to be more difficult to carry and they have a limited usage based on the amount of ammunition you can carry. These are better to keep in a stored area for easy recovery, at most a small handgun is enough to fend off enemies and predators.
4. Mobility Another important survival skills which many untrained overlook is mobility. It is important to know your area. If you intend on staying in a certain area, make sure you have scouted for defense areas, identified weak spot areas and also locate game trails that could provide food options. Make sure you have a means to navigate through the area you are in. You may need to cut pathways through scrub or brush. You will need to know safe routes that are free from obstacles that you could accidentally fall or trip over. If you are intending on moving on a regular basis, then pace is the important factor. Make sure you have a machete or sturdy walking stick to poke, cut and move potential hazards.
5. Water One of the least considered until it is too late survival skills is the ability to find clean drinking water. Pooled water and even water from moving streams could be polluted or filled with bacteria that could make you very ill which is counter productive in a survival situation. You can drink your own urine, although admittedly it is difficult to do even in the most deparate situations. A good option is to attempt to collect rain water or dew by funneling a poncho into a cup or tin during a rain or over night. You can also dig a pit about two feet deep, place a cup in the middle of the pit, place a tarp or poncho over the pit so that it funnels into the cup. Natural condensation will collect and roll into the cup for clean potable water.
6. Food Survivors can’t be picky Pretty much anything that moves can be eaten. If you are not a skilled huntsman or have limited survival skills, you can live on bugs, grasshoppers, worms and even flies. Also, if you are not a hunter, set simple traps to catch small animals like rabbits, skunks, rats and other rodents. Kill them by smashing in their skull and then immediately slit their belly open, run your fingers inside and pull everything out. Cut the head off and carve out the waste areas of the animals and dispose of those as well. Rinse the inside thoroughly. Make cuts along the pelt and pull hard to remove it from the meat underneath. If possible, cook the meat. If not possible, attempt to dry the meat in the sun on a rock and salt it if you have the provisions.
7. Defense Some survival scenarios could force you into a position of defending yourself, your home and your family. The best defense according to any survival skills guide is a good offense. Set traps, plant handy weapons out of sight that you can get to if you are away from a secured area and of course build a secured area. Homes make poor defenses. They have too many ways in and out. A good defense means you have a single point of entry and an emergency exit. That’s it. Prepare a good defense by having long handled weapons with pointed ends or a good rifle or gun. The first is preferable as it won’t run out of bullets. A good offense also means being creative about hiding. Dig a pit and cover it with wood and cover it with brush, dirt or whatever camoflauge is at hand.
8. Shelter A defendable shelter as described in the above survival skills is perfect if you are stationary. If you’re moving, a simple tarp or poncho splayed over a tree makes a great shelter.
9. Plan for the Long Haul The final and most important survival skills is to plan for a long term scenario. Ensure you have a plan for food, clothing, shelter, defense and an escape plan. You may need to have multiple ‘safe’ locations to retreat too in the event your are over run. You will also want to make sure that if you are avoiding detection that you spend the time hiding your gear, your shelter and even your watering holes. Tell tale signs of habitation will give you away every time.
Survival Skills – The Conclusion
So whether you’re running from zombies, hillbillies or find yourself stranded in an unfamiliar or harsh environment, preparing yourself to survive unexpected situations is always the best plan. Ensuring you have thought though and practiced basic survival skills is a must.